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Warehousing is an important element in the feed chain. It takes place in other parties’ warehouses as well as in warehouses belonging to producers of animal origin feed. The important thing is that the warehouse where feed is to be stored has a GMP+ certificate, because this procedure at no stage of transport may be interrupted, starting from with the  manufacturer, through sea container transport, road transport, warehousing until delivery to the final recipient. Therefore, in this article I would like to discuss important elements in the feed storage process under the GMP+ procedure.

GMP+ is mainly about inspection of goods throughout the entire life of the feed. Therefore, as soon as we are going to accept the feed into the warehouse, we must prepare a set of documents that will allow us to inspect the product, because the goods whether it is in a container or on a car must comply with the specifications received from the producer. The warehouse that accepts goods under the GMP+ procedure is also required to verify the means of transport in accordance with the established requirements (correctness of the GMP+ certificate of the carrier, list of previous cargoes and whether the correct cleaning method has been applied).

When accepting goods at a warehouse, we must remember that we as a unit responsible for warehousing will not always be able to comprehensively assess the product. This is due to the fact that in most cases we may not open the packaging (sack, big bag) in which the product is placed, therefore parameters such as colour, physical form, contamination by insects, dirt or other foreign substances are not subject to our inspection. However, such elements as humidity, mould, damage to the packaging, compliance with the specification, smell may be checked and that’s what we focus on.

Each case of non-compliance must be documented and described together with the decisions taken in relation to the actions. The final product decisions are made by a competent person from the producer. Those feeds in which irregularities are found must be managed in one of the following ways:

  • Removal as waste or used as biomass
  • Treatment to make it a usable feed
  • Sale as a different quality product (if the quality requirements of the product meet the requirements)

We must remember that as a warehouse we are responsible for all storage and transhipment activities, so each activity must be documented. Goods under the GMP+ procedure must be stored in such a way that they are easy to be identified. This is to avoid errors and mistakes. Another important thing when storing feed is to separate it from other goods in the warehouse, unless a risk analysis shows that side-by-side storage cannot have a detrimental effect on the feed, e.g. separation from other food products is not required. Some feed products are sensitive to temperature, so you need to keep it as low as possible to prevent their condensation or spoilage.

Michał Koziński