To learn the history of the GMP – Good Manufacturing Practice, we have to go back in time by almost 30 years to 1992. It was then in the Netherlands that model processes were developed to ensure the safety of production, transport and storage of feed for farm animals.
The originators of these strictly defined standards were the Animal Feed Commission (PDV – from the Dutch – Productschap Diervoeder or Product Board Animal Feed). One of the main reasons why the Dutch decided to develop these procedures were huge amounts of feed that were imported into the Dutch market, as well as those that were exported. As much as 75% of feed that was on the Dutch market in 1992 was imported, and 60% of own production was intended for export. The GMP standard was part of the “Feed for Food” program, and the most prestigious aces of the Dutch feed market were involved in the work on this program.
In 1994, the standards of the program were adapted to ISO 9001 standards to facilitate system implementation in new companies, because ISO 9001 standard itself was different from GMP+. GMP+ standards had to be changed to make them constructively and task-oriented into the ISO 9001 standard. Since then, general requirements for safety management have been included in the GMP+ FSA (Feed Safety Assurance) system.
The next turning point was 1999. GMP standards were integrated with the HACCP – Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points System. Once this process was completed, a plus symbol was added to the GMP logo. From now on we talk about GMP+ International.
At the same time, work was initiated on EWS – Early Warning System, which was implemented into the GMP+ system in 2000. The system is used to inspect the feed materials in transport and allows for quick response in crisis situations. An example of such action was stoppage and destruction of 40,000. tons of citrus pulp, which was not suitable for further processing due to the loss of its properties.
GMP+ was under PDV control until December 2009, when the program was institutionalized and received the new name GMP+ International. The newly formed organization was headed by Johan Den Hartog, former Secretary General of PDV, who has been holding this position until today. GMP+ International organization has developed new rules for the quality and safety of production, transport and storage of feeds that are recommended to all participants in the food supply chain for farm animals.
The GMP+ system is still being developed. There is more and more interest in implementing the principles resulting from it in enterprises. In 2009, as many as 10 thousand companies were active participants in the program. In 2017 the counter already exceeded 17,000. It can be expected that by the end of 2020, we will have had in Europe some 20,000 entities that will operate their production, transport and storage of feed for farm animals, according to the highest safety standards ensured by the use of GMP+ procedures.